15 Problems of School Administration in Nigeria and Solutions

The numerous problems that Nigerian school administrators face make it difficult to deliver education effectively. These issues range from poor management techniques to insufficient infrastructure.

This article seeks to identify 15 typical issues that school administration in Nigeria encounters and offers workable methods to solve them.

Challenges Affecting School Administration in Nigeria and Solutions

1. Poor resource and funding allocation

The absence of adequate financing and efficient resource distribution is one of the biggest issues the Nigerian school administration is now facing. 

Many schools struggle to offer sufficient teaching resources, classroom amenities, and educational resources. The development of facilities and the overall quality of education are hampered by a lack of funding.

The Nigerian government should allocate more money to education in the budget to address this issue. Partnerships with private companies and foreign donors might also be used to acquire more money. In order to ensure that funds are used effectively, appropriate school supervision and inspection techniques should be put into place.

 2. Lack of Facilities and Infrastructure

Basic school supplies and amenities like classrooms, libraries, laboratories, and playgrounds are frequently lacking in Nigerian schools. The process of teaching and learning is severely hampered by this.

The development and upkeep of school infrastructure should be funded by the government. To speed up the provision of necessary facilities, public-private partnerships might be established.

A more favorable learning environment will be produced for both students and teachers through improved infrastructure.

Related: 9 Problems of School Health Programs in Nigeria and Solutions

3. Insufficient Access to Good Education

In Nigeria, obtaining a high-quality education is still difficult, particularly in rural areas. Many students lack access to schools with modern amenities and trained teachers.

 The government should prioritize constructing schools in off-the-grid locations and establishing policies that improve everyone’s access to education.

In order to ensure that qualified teachers are available in all locations, measures for teacher recruitment and training should be stepped up.

4. Poor Teacher Development and Training

The skill and professionalism of instructors have a significant impact on the quality of education. However, many Nigerian teachers lack access to appropriate training and opportunity for professional development.

 Programs for ongoing teacher training should be created to improve their topic knowledge and pedagogical abilities. The use of partnerships with educational institutions and organizations can give teachers access to online training materials, workshops, and seminars.

5. A large student-to-teacher ratio

In Nigerian schools, large class sizes are a typical issue that makes it challenging for teachers to give each student their undivided attention. The quality of schooling is harmed by this.

To lower the student-to-teacher ratio, the government needs to hire more instructors. This will allow teachers to focus on each kid individually and meet their unique learning needs.

6. Insufficient technological fusion

For modern learning, technology integration in the classroom is crucial. But many Nigerian schools don’t have access to the internet, computers, or other modern technologies.

By providing computer laboratories, internet access, and educational software, the government should make integrating technology into the classroom a top priority. Teachers should receive training on how to use technology in the classroom.

7. Poorly Developed Curriculum

In Nigerian schools, outdated and irrelevant curricular material is a serious problem. The curriculum frequently does not meet the needs of modern society and does not fully prepare students for its problems.

The curriculum needs to be examined and revised frequently to include courses that are current and useful. Participants in the curriculum planning process should be educators, parents, and business people.

 8. Ineffective Exam and Assessment Systems

In Nigeria, rote memorization and repetition of knowledge are frequently emphasized in the test and evaluation systems. Students’ critical thinking and in-depth comprehension are not fostered by this.

To include additional evaluations that are practical and application-based, the assessment methods should be changed. This will encourage students’ creativity, critical thinking, and problem-solving abilities.

Related: How To Implement Continuous Assessment in Schools

9. Teachers’ Low Motivation and Retention

Due to inadequate pay, limited prospects for professional advancement, and difficult working circumstances, many teachers in Nigeria experience low job satisfaction. This results in high turnover rates and lowers education quality overall.

 To encourage and keep qualified teachers, the government should raise teacher pay and benefits. To increase teacher satisfaction, mentorship programs, supportive working conditions, and chances for professional growth should all be made available.

10. Inefficient leadership and governance in schools

inadequate management and administration of schools are a result of inadequate governance and inefficient leadership. To achieve effective operation and the implementation of good policies, schools need strong leadership.

School administrators should take leadership training to improve their management abilities. The government should put policies in place to support efficient leadership and accountability in educational institutions.

11. Inadequate Parental Participation

For children to succeed in school, parental participation is essential. However, a lot of parents in Nigeria are not aware of the value of being involved in their kids’ education.

Through frequent communication, workshops, and parent-teacher conferences, schools should involve parents. Programs for parental involvement should be developed to motivate parents to actively assist in their children’s academic development.

Related: 10 Problems of Child-Friendly Schools in Nigeria and Solutions

12. Safety and Security Issues

Nigerian schools frequently struggle with security and safety issues, such as the danger of violence, vandalism, and insufficient safety precautions.

 The government should place a high priority on student safety and take steps to ensure it by setting up surveillance cameras, hiring security guards, and holding frequent safety drills. The community’s involvement and cooperation with local officials can also help create safer school environments.

 13. Insufficient special education

In Nigerian schools, it can be difficult for students with special needs to get access to high-quality education and the right kind of support.

By giving teachers specific training, modifying instructional strategies, and granting funds for assistive technologies and inclusive learning settings, the government should support special needs education.

 14. Corruption and poor leadership

The theft of cash and inefficient resource distribution are frequent problems in the Nigerian educational system due to corruption and poor administration.

To prevent corruption and enhance transparency in school administration, strict measures should be put in place. Accountability must be ensured through consistent audits and severe sanctions against corrupt behavior.

15. A lack of innovation and research

The development and enhancement of Nigeria’s educational system are hampered by a restricted emphasis on research and innovation. Effective teaching approaches cannot be implemented in schools due to a lack of research-based practices.

By funding research grants, establishing research centers, and encouraging cooperation between scientists and educators, educational institutions should support research and innovation. To make it easier to apply evidence-based procedures, it should be encouraged to disseminate research findings.

Related: 15 Problems Affecting Schools in Nigeria And Solutions


For Nigeria to have a strong educational system, it is essential to address the challenges school administrators face. Nigeria can give its students a high-quality education by addressing problems with its government, facilities, teacher training, and finance.

To improve school administration and eventually the educational achievements for Nigerian students, there must be cooperation between the government, educators, parents, and the community.

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