15 Importance of Tertiary Education/Institutions in Nigeria

Every country’s growth and development depend heavily on tertiary education, and Nigeria is no different. It is a stage of education that comes after secondary school and gives people specific information and abilities in a range of subjects.

This article will examine some importance of higher education in Nigeria, illuminating its benefits for both individuals and the country as a whole.

This article doesn’t insinuate that Nigeria is already enjoying these benefits but it highlights the roles tertiary education could and should play in our society.

Related: 15 Problems Affecting Education in Nigeria and Solutions

Nature of Postsecondary Education in Nigeria

Higher education, usually referred to as tertiary education, is a crucial stage of learning that equips people with advanced knowledge in their chosen professions and prepares them for the job.

Tertiary education is highly valued in Nigeria because it offers so many advantages and advances the growth and development of the country.

It typically lasts for 4 years except for some courses that can range from 5 to 7 years. This is usually the period where students specialize in areas of interest rather than broad sciences, arts, or commercials they did in secondary schools.

Related: 15 Importance of Secondary School Education in Nigeria

Importance of Tertiary Education And Institutions in Nigeria

Increased Career Possibilities

Many different employment prospects are made available to people through tertiary education. Graduates are better prepared to seek fulfilling professions in a variety of industries thanks to the specialized knowledge and skills they obtain via higher education.

Due to this advantage they now have in the employment market, they have a higher probability of landing well-paying positions.

Related: Roles and Importance of Vocational Guidance and Counseling in Schools

Economic Development and Growth

For promoting economic growth and development, a well-educated workforce is necessary. Professionals with advanced degrees are produced by tertiary education, and they support entrepreneurship, innovation, and industry growth. 

By luring investments and promoting economic stability, higher education has a favorable effect on the economy of Nigeria as more people pursue it.

Technological Advancement and Innovation

Institutions of higher learning act or should act as centers for innovation and technical development. Students and faculty members investigate novel concepts, develop game-changing innovations, and advance science through research and development initiatives.

This innovation-friendly culture that is fostered at tertiary educational institutions will therefore aid Nigeria’s transition to a knowledge-based economy.

Expertise and Specialization in the Profession

Individuals can develop in-depth knowledge and skill in their chosen subjects of study through tertiary education.

Higher education institutions offer specialized instruction that sharpens abilities and gets people ready for a career in any field — medicine, engineering, law, business, etc.

This knowledge guarantees the provision of high-quality services across several sectors, which is advantageous to the whole country.

Social and Personal Development

Tertiary education in Nigeria promotes comprehensive growth in addition to academic knowledge. It promotes personal development, improves communication skills, and develops a sense of discipline and accountability.

Students can take part in extracurricular activities, take on leadership responsibilities, and learn crucial life skills that improve their general well-being.

This is further enhanced through the presence of school clubs and societies as well as Student Union Governments.

Related: How To Promote Mental Health and Wellbeing in Nigerian Schools

Developing Problem-Solving and Critical Thinking Capabilities

Students’ critical thinking and problem-solving skills are developed through tertiary education. People learn to examine difficult challenges, evaluate information, and develop creative solutions through research projects, case studies, and practical tasks.

These abilities are crucial for solving problems in the real world and bringing about constructive social change.

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Increasing Skills Diversity

By providing students with current information and useful abilities, higher education aids in closing the skills gap in a labor market that is continually changing.

The curriculum of tertiary institutions should be created to be in line with what the business world requires, making sure that graduates have the skills they need to succeed in their chosen fields.

And this match between educational needs and business requirements improves employability and lowers unemployment rates.

The encouragement of research and development

Institutions of higher learning are essential in fostering innovation and research. They contribute to improvements in science, technology, and other sectors through their academic study, discoveries, and inventions. 

Findings from the research could enhance healthcare, address societal issues, and promote sustainable growth in Nigeria.

Promoting International Competitiveness

Tertiary education is essential for preserving competitiveness on a global scale as economies become more globalized. Higher institutions enable students to obtain quality education and are exposed to a variety of viewpoints, successfully preparing them to participate in the global workforce.

This encourages international cooperation, promotes cross-cultural dialogue, and establishes Nigeria as a credible player on the world stage.

Social Mobility and Career Advancement

Higher education acts as a driving force for upward and social mobility. It provides people from various backgrounds with the chance to learn knowledge and skills that will help them end the cycle of poverty.

Through education, people can raise their socioeconomic level, build better futures for themselves and their families, and advance society as a whole.

Opportunities for Collaboration and Networking

Institutions of higher education offer a supportive setting for networking and teamwork. Interactions between students and their peers, instructors, and experts in numerous sectors are possible.

These relationships may result in beneficial collaborations, mentoring opportunities, and access to a network of experts that can aid in professional advancement and individual improvement.

Enhancing the mind and culture

The pursuit of higher education fosters intellectual and cultural enrichment. Students are exposed to a wide variety of topics, concepts, and viewpoints.

Cultural appreciation, tolerance, and critical thinking are all fostered by this experience. It widens their perspectives, fosters creativity, and cultivates a comprehensive grasp of the world.

Support for nation-building

The development of a nation depends heavily on tertiary education. It contributes to Nigeria’s overall development by producing qualified leaders, professionals, and businesspeople. 

Graduates from higher institutions become agents of change, influencing public policy, leading development projects, and advancing society in a variety of ways.


In Nigeria, tertiary education is of utmost significance because it promotes both personal and societal development. Higher education institutions have a crucial role in determining the future of the country through increasing employment options, stimulating economic growth, encouraging innovation, and fostering social mobility.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. Why is tertiary education important in Nigeria?

 Tertiary education is important in Nigeria as it expands career opportunities, drives economic growth, and fosters innovation and technological advancement.

2. How does tertiary education contribute to nation-building?

 Tertiary education contributes to nation-building by producing competent professionals, leaders, and entrepreneurs who drive progress in various sectors.

3. What are the benefits of tertiary education for individuals?

 Tertiary education benefits individuals by providing specialized knowledge, enhancing critical thinking skills, and fostering personal and professional growth.

4. Does tertiary education promote social mobility?

 Yes, tertiary education promotes social mobility by offering individuals from diverse backgrounds the opportunity to improve their socioeconomic status.

5. How can tertiary education enhance global competitiveness?

 Tertiary education enhances global competitiveness by providing access to world-class education, fostering international collaboration, and preparing students for the global workforce.

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