15 Importance of Primary School Education in Nigeria

The future of people and civilizations is significantly shaped by their education in primary school. A child’s academic journey in Nigeria, where education is highly prized, begins with primary education.

This article examines some of the most significant benefits of primary school education in Nigeria, focusing on how they affect social integration, personal growth, and societal advancement.

Nature of Primary School Education in Nigeria

The basis for a child’s intellectual, social, and emotional growth is laid by their primary school education. It is a crucial time when young minds are shaped and given the knowledge and abilities they will need to thrive in college and life.

Primary education is regarded as a fundamental right in Nigeria, ensuring that all children have access to high-quality instruction.

It typically lasts for 5 years although some schools still run 6 years programs as used to be the norm in the past.

Related: 10 Problems Affecting Early Childhood Education in Nigeria and Solutions 

Importance of Primary Schools in Nigeria

Laying a Solid Educational Foundation

Children are given a strong educational foundation in primary school that gets them ready for further schooling.

It introduces children to core courses like arithmetic, English, science, and social studies while also laying a solid foundation for knowledge and abilities that may be expanded upon for later education.

Acquiring Fundamental Knowledge and Skills

The fundamental knowledge and abilities acquired in primary education are critical for a child’s general growth. It gives kids the reading, writing, and math abilities they need to effectively communicate, understand information, and solve simple issues.

These abilities are necessary for success in secondary and postsecondary education and upcoming career aspirations.

Related: 15 Importance of Secondary School Education in Nigeria

Developing Critical Thinking and Cognitive Skills

Children’s cognitive development and critical thinking abilities are stimulated by early education. It encourages people to research topics, evaluate data, and refine their logical reasoning.

Children gain the ability to think independently, make thoughtful judgments, and come up with innovative solutions to challenges through engaging activities and interactive learning experiences.

Related: 10 Importance of Early Childhood Education in Nigeria

5. Promoting Social Engagement and Cooperation

Children can interact with their peers via primary education, encouraging social integration and teamwork. They gain social skills including effective communication, teamwork, and dispute resolution thanks to it. 

These abilities are necessary for creating effective relationships, cooperating in teams, and flourishing in a variety of social contexts.

Increasing Social and Emotional Intelligence

Children’s emotional intelligence and social skills development in primary school are vital. Children can learn to express their feelings, sympathize with others, and build positive self-esteem in this encouraging setting.

These abilities help people overcome social obstacles, build resilience, and create deep relationships with others.

Supporting Diversity and Cultural Awareness

Children are exposed to many cultures, traditions, and viewpoints during their primary school, which encourages cultural awareness and diversity.

It teaches respect for diverse cultures and instills a sense of appreciation for Nigeria’s rich cultural legacy. Primary education helps to create a harmonious and cohesive society by encouraging inclusivity and understanding.

Nurturing Creativity and Imagination

Children’s imaginations and creativity are fostered in primary school education. Children can discover their skills, express themselves, and cultivate creative thinking through painting, music, theater, and other creative pursuits. 

Children who are exposed to creativity early on develop a lifelong love of learning and are better equipped to address problems creatively in the future.

Promoting Work Ethics and Discipline

Children learn the value of dedication, responsibility, and perseverance in primary education, which also instills in them discipline and a work ethic.

It creates a disciplined learning environment where kids may learn to behave appropriately, manage their time wisely, and take pride in their accomplishments. The foundation for success in both intellectual and personal undertakings is laid by these ideals.

Giving kids the tools they need for technological literacy

In the current digital world, basic education is essential for giving kids the technology literacy they need. It prepares children for a world driven by technology by introducing them to fundamental computer abilities, technological resources, and internet tools.

Children get the ability to navigate the digital world and use technology for learning and future chances by acquiring digital literacy at a young age.

Educating Girls to Empower Themselves

Education in primary schools is a potent instrument for empowering girls and advancing gender equality. It dismantles barriers, questions established conventions, and guarantees that all children, regardless of gender, have equal access to school.

Primary education helps to empower women, lessen gender inequality, and build a more inclusive and equitable society through educating girls.

Advancing Good Health and Hygiene Habits

In order to encourage children to practice good hygiene and health, primary education is essential. It increases public understanding of healthy eating, personal care, and disease prevention.

Primary education helps students’ general well-being and physical development by teaching kids about healthy practices.

Related: 9 Problems Affecting School Health Programs in Nigeria and Solutions

Promoting Environmental Awareness

Sustainable behaviors are encouraged and environmental awareness is fostered in the primary school curriculum. It informs kids about the value of waste control, environmental preservation, and natural resource preservation.

Primary education equips kids to become environmentally responsible citizens and stewards of the earth by fostering a sense of environmental responsibility.

Contributing to Economic Growth

Economic development is significantly influenced by primary education. It gives kids the knowledge and skills needed for future work and entrepreneurship.

An educated workforce encourages innovation, productivity, and economic expansion, which ultimately results in the eradication of poverty and socioeconomic advancement.

Strengthening Patriotism and National Identity

Young learners’ national identity and patriotism are strengthened by their early schooling. Receiving civic education fosters pride in Nigerian ideals, history, and culture.

Primary education is essential in creating unity, patriotism, and a common vision for a thriving Nigeria through fostering a sense of belonging and national cohesion.

Related: 15 Importance of Tertiary Education in Nigeria


In Nigeria, primary school education has a significant impact on how children’s lives and the future of the country will be shaped. It creates the groundwork for a person’s personal development, social integration, and lifelong learning.

Primary education serves a diverse function in empowering people and advancing societal development, from establishing a solid educational foundation to encouraging critical thinking, strengthening social skills, and contributing to national advancement.


1. What is the minimum age to enroll in primary school in Nigeria?

There is no minimum age to enroll in primary school in Nigeria. But the average age of students in primary 1 is usually 5 years old in today’s world.

2. Are primary schools in Nigeria free of charge?

Public primary schools in Nigeria are technically tuition-free, although there might be additional costs for uniforms, books, and other educational materials which are compulsory and are regarded as “school fees” to many Nigerians.

3. How long does primary education last in Nigeria?

Primary education in Nigeria usually lasts for 5 or 6 years, from primary 1 to primary 5 or 6.

4. What subjects are taught in primary schools in Nigeria?

Primary schools in Nigeria typically teach subjects such as mathematics, English language, social studies, basic science, and religious studies.

5. Are there special provisions for children with disabilities in primary schools?

Yes, primary schools in Nigeria strive to provide inclusive education and accommodate children with disabilities, ensuring equal access to education and support services although a lot still needs to be done in this regard.

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