13 Disadvantages of ICT in Education (Students and Teachers)

Information and communication technology (ICT) has completely changed how we learn and live in the modern world. It has improved education in many ways, making it more engaging and accessible.

ICT does, however, have some disadvantages, just like any other tool. We shall examine the detrimental effects of ICT on education in this article, including how they affect students, teachers, and the entire learning process.

Disadvantages of ICT in Education

1. Distractions in the Classroom

Because of the prevalence of smartphones, tablets, and laptops, students are increasingly enticed to use these devices for non-educational purposes during class time. 

Their academic performance may suffer as a result of being distracted from the lesson by social media, texting apps, and online gaming.

Related: 9 Problems of Classroom Management and Solutions

2. Reduced Face-to-Face Interaction

Face-to-face contact between pupils has decreased due to ICT. As a result, opportunities for social growth (one of the hidden curriculum in education ) and the development of interpersonal skills may be limited by online learning environments and virtual classrooms.

3. Health Issues

A lot of screen time can cause eye strain, headaches, and disturbed sleep patterns, among other health problems. ICT gadget use for extended periods of time might have a harmful effect on students’ physical and mental health.

Related: 9 Problems of School Health Programs and Solutions

4. Plagiarism and Cheating

Students now find it simpler to copy and paste content for assignments and tests thanks to the abundance of information available online. New technologies like Chat GPT and other generativeAIs are now reducing the need to think.

Academic dishonesty or examination malpractice has increased as a result of how simple it is to copy and paste content from online sources.

Related: 15 Problems Affecting Education in Nigeria and Solutions

5. Overreliance on Spell Check and Grammar Tools

Students could grow reliant on spell check and grammar check software as a result of their availability rather than developing their language skills. 

Firstly many keyboards have the autocorrect function and many people aren’t aware they are not the ones spelling. Tools like Grammarly also contribute to this. This could result in sloppy writing and limited language skills.

6. Reduced Critical Thinking

ICT frequently offers instant solutions to issues, deterring students from applying critical thought to their own situations. This may limit their capacity for autonomous thought and information analysis.

7. Information Overload

It can be difficult for students to go through the large amount of material on the internet to find what is factual and relevant. Confusion and a lack of concentration may result from this overload. So rather than aiding research and learning, it causes a kind of paralysis.

8. Lack of Hands-On Learning

Even if they have their advantages, online simulations, and instructional games cannot completely replace in-person instruction. For the development of skills and a greater comprehension of subjects, practical learning is essential.

9. Teacher Dependency on Technology

Some teachers have become unduly reliant on technology for lesson delivery as a result of the inclusion of ICT in the classroom. This may make it more difficult for them to properly adjust to various teaching styles and meet the needs of each individual student.

Related: 12 Problems Affecting Teachers Training Programs and Solutions

10. Inequality in Access

There is a digital divide because not all students have equal access to ICT tools and resources. It may be difficult for students from underprivileged families to stay up with their peers who have better access to technology.

11. Cybersecurity Risks

Institutional ICT systems are susceptible to data breaches and cyberattacks. These security hazards may endanger private student data and obstruct learning.

12. Decline in Handwriting Skills

Students’ handwriting abilities can deteriorate as they depend more and more on digital gadgets for taking notes and completing tasks. Their general cognitive development may suffer long-term repercussions from this reduction.

13. Reduced Creativity and Imagination

ICT frequently offers pre-made templates and structures for assignments, which restricts students’ inventiveness and creativity. It may limit their capacity to think creatively and explore novel concepts.


While there is no denying that ICT has significantly improved education, its negative effects must also be acknowledged and addressed. We must create a balance when incorporating technology into the educational process so that children’s wellbeing, critical thinking, and creativity are not jeopardized, as educators, parents, and policymakers.

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