12 Ways To Improve Teacher Training Programs in Nigeria

In any nation, including Nigeria, teacher training programs are essential for determining the standard of education.

It is therefore crucial to make investments in enhancing teacher training programs to satisfy the pressing need for qualified teachers and the continuously expanding population.

In this article, we examine practical approaches to improve teacher training programs in Nigeria, ensuring that educators have the abilities and information required to deliver a top-notch education to kids all around the country.

Nigerian teacher training programs must develop and adapt to the country’s shifting educational environment.

We can increase the efficiency of these programs and ultimately raise the standard of education across the nation by combining contemporary teaching methods, placing an emphasis on topic knowledge, and creating a conducive learning atmosphere.

How To Improve Teacher Training Programs in Nigeria

1. Enhancing Pedagogical Approaches

The first thing we can do is to concentrate on strengthening pedagogical approaches in order to improve teacher training programs.

What this means is that a wide variety of teaching strategies that accommodate various learning preferences and encourage student participation should be available to teachers. 

So teachers in training shouldn’t just receive lectures through the lecture method. Demonstrations, experiments, discussions, and so on should also be emphasized.

Putting a focus on student-centered learning strategies can give teachers in training the tools they need to design engaging, interactive lessons.

2. Introducing Practical Teaching Methods

For effective teaching and to raise truly competent teachers, theoretical knowledge is insufficient on its own. Practical teaching techniques that enable educators to apply their expertise in actual classroom settings should be included in teacher training programs.

Yes, we have teaching practice programs but they are only for 6 weeks in a four-year program. While the entire four years can’t be turned into a teaching practice exercise, the process of instruction delivery to teachers in training can be more engaging.

Like having peer teaching exercises over and over again where their lecturers watch and give feedback.

Teachers’ ability to teach can be much improved by this practical experience, which will also help them deal with any difficulties they may encounter in the classroom.

3. Incorporating Technology into Teacher Training

Technology has become a crucial component of contemporary schooling. Teachers can learn how to properly use educational tools and platforms to improve their teaching methods by incorporating technology into teacher training programs.

Using digital resources, interactive whiteboards, educational software, and online learning environments are examples of this.

4. Strengthening Subject Matter Expertise

Teachers must be extremely knowledgeable in the things they teach. Programs for educating teachers should include enhancing their subject-matter competence and making sure they have a thorough understanding and command of the curriculum.

So while they should learn teaching techniques, they must also know in-depth what they want to teach with those techniques.

This will make it possible for teachers to give their students precise and illuminating instruction.

5. Promoting Collaborative Learning

There are several advantages to collaborative learning for both teachers and students. The value of collaborative learning should be emphasized in teacher training programs, and chances for teachers to participate in peer-to-peer learning, cooperation, and professional collaboration should be made available.

This promotes the development of teachers’ careers and generates a sense of community among them.

For instance, the TRCN shouldn’t be a body for giving certifications only, they should also create a community among teachers that is functional right from the universities and colleges of education, where aspiring teachers meet practicing teachers and learn and share experiences.

6. Emphasizing Classroom Management Skills

To truly create a supportive and conducive learning environment, effective classroom management is essential. Teacher training programs should allot enough time to teach teachers how to manage classrooms, including how to set routines and procedures, regulate conduct, and resolve conflicts.

Related: 9 Challenges Affecting Classroom Management in Nigeria and Solutions

7. Encouraging Continuous Professional Development

Teachers need to stay current on the most recent research, pedagogical strategies, and educational legislation because the field of education is always changing.

Continual professional development opportunities, such as visiting seminars, conferences, and online courses, should be encouraged and supported by teacher training programs. The TRCN can also come in here.

8. Providing Mentoring and Coaching Programs

Programs for coaching and mentoring new teachers can be quite helpful. Mentorship programs for new teachers should be established through teacher training programs, where veteran educators will assist and encourage them during their initial years in the classroom. 

This individualized support aids new teachers in gaining self-assurance, enhancing their instructional abilities, and overcoming obstacles.

9. Taking Sociocultural Contexts into Account in Education

Nigeria is a multicultural nation with a range of sociocultural backgrounds. Programs for teacher preparation should include modules that address the unique requirements and difficulties present in these environments.

This entails being aware of cultural sensitivities, encouraging inclusive behavior, and supporting culturally sensitive instructional strategies.

So, a Christian Yoruba teacher will know how to deal wisely with students and not disrespect their culture and traditions when teaching in Zamfara state.

10. Involving Teachers in Innovation and Research

Research and innovation in education should be promoted among teachers. Teachers should have the chance to do research, experiment with new teaching techniques, and enhance their profession through teacher training programs.

This encourages instructors to participate actively in the educational community.

11. Promoting inclusive educational methods

For all students, regardless of their backgrounds or abilities, equal opportunities must be provided through inclusive education. 

The significance of inclusive educational practices, such as methods for helping children with special needs, designing inclusive classrooms, and fostering diversity and inclusion, should be emphasized in teacher training programs.

12. Improving Collaboration and Partnerships

For teacher training programs to improve, cooperation between schools, educational organizations, and institutes of teacher training is essential. 

We can raise the efficacy of initiatives for teacher training by developing collaborations, sharing best practices, and working together on research and resource creation.


In order to ensure that teachers are adequately equipped to meet the various requirements of students and deliver them with a quality education, it is essential that teacher training programs in Nigeria be improved. We can improve teacher training programs, give teachers more influence, and eventually help Nigeria’s education system as a whole by putting the 12 solutions covered in this article into practice.

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