12 Types of Group Therapy and Counseling Groups

Group therapy is a form of psychotherapy where a small group of individuals with similar concerns or goals come together under the guidance of a trained therapist.

This approach provides an opportunity for individuals to share their experiences, receive support, and learn from others in a supportive and confidential environment. Group therapy has proven to be effective in treating various mental health issues, and different types of group therapy cater to specific needs and populations.

Related: 5 Steps and Stages of Group Counseling/Therapy

Types of Group Therapy

Psychoeducational Group Therapy

Psychoeducational group therapy focuses on providing education and information about specific mental health issues or concerns. 

These groups aim to enhance participants’ understanding of their conditions, coping strategies, and skills for managing symptoms. By sharing knowledge, participants gain insight and develop practical tools to navigate their challenges effectively.

Psychoeducational groups cover a wide range of topics, such as stress management, anxiety reduction, assertiveness training, and anger management.

The structured nature of these groups allows participants to learn from experts and their peers, fostering a supportive learning environment.

Related: 8 Characteristics of Group Counseling/Therapy and Counseling Groups

Supportive Group Therapy

Supportive group therapy emphasizes creating a safe and non-judgmental space where individuals can share their experiences, feelings, and concerns.

This type of therapy offers emotional support, validation, and empathy from both the therapist and other group members. It helps individuals feel understood, less isolated, and more connected with others who face similar struggles.

The key features of supportive group therapy include active listening, open communication, and mutual respect. Through shared experiences and support, participants can gain insight, build self-esteem, and develop healthier coping mechanisms.

Cognitive-Behavioral Group Therapy

Cognitive-behavioral group therapy focuses on identifying and modifying unhealthy patterns of thinking and behavior.

It combines cognitive restructuring techniques and behavioral interventions to promote positive change. Group members learn to challenge negative thoughts, develop realistic beliefs, and practice new skills in a supportive environment.

Techniques commonly used in cognitive-behavioral group therapy include cognitive restructuring, behavioral experiments, role-playing, and problem-solving exercises. This approach helps individuals develop effective coping strategies and improve their overall well-being.

Interpersonal Process Group Therapy

Interpersonal process group therapy emphasizes interpersonal relationships and the dynamics that occur within the group.

It provides an opportunity for individuals to explore and understand their relationship patterns, communication styles, and interpersonal difficulties. The therapist or group leader facilitates discussions and encourages members to provide feedback and support to one another.

Through interpersonal process group therapy, participants can gain insight into their relational patterns, develop healthier communication skills, and enhance their self-awareness. This type of therapy is particularly useful for individuals struggling with issues such as relationship conflicts, social anxiety, and low self-esteem.

Dialectical Behavior Therapy Group

Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) groups are designed to help individuals who experience difficulties regulating their emotions and managing distressing situations.

This type of therapy combines elements of cognitive-behavioral therapy and mindfulness practices. DBT focuses on teaching skills in areas such as emotional regulation, distress tolerance, interpersonal effectiveness, and mindfulness.

DBT groups typically follow a structured curriculum and incorporate individual therapy alongside group sessions. This comprehensive approach helps individuals develop skills to navigate challenging emotions, maintain stable relationships, and create a life worth living.

Art Therapy Group

Art therapy groups integrate creative expression and the therapeutic process. Participants engage in various art forms, such as painting, drawing, sculpting, or collage-making, to explore their emotions, experiences, and personal narratives.

Art becomes a medium for communication and self-expression, allowing individuals to access deeper levels of understanding and healing.

Art therapy groups provide a safe space for exploration, self-reflection, and personal growth. They can be particularly beneficial for individuals who find it challenging to express themselves verbally or struggle with trauma, anxiety, or depression.

Related: 15 Goals and Importance of Group Counseling/Therapy

Substance Abuse Group Therapy

Substance abuse group therapy is specifically designed to address addiction-related issues. These groups focus on fostering a supportive and recovery-oriented environment, where individuals can share their experiences, setbacks, and achievements in relation to substance abuse.

Peers and professionals work together to provide guidance, encouragement, and accountability throughout the recovery journey.

The benefits of substance abuse group therapy include reducing feelings of isolation, learning from others’ experiences, and developing relapse prevention strategies.

This type of therapy is often an integral component of comprehensive addiction treatment programs.

Family Therapy Group

Family therapy groups involve the participation of family members or close loved ones in the therapeutic process. These groups aim to address relational dynamics, improve communication, and resolve conflicts within the family system.

Family therapy can be beneficial for a wide range of concerns, including relationship issues, substance abuse, mental health conditions, and trauma.

The involvement of family members in the therapy process promotes understanding, empathy, and healthier interactions. Family therapy groups create a space for open dialogue, shared responsibility, and collaborative problem-solving.

Related: Heterogenous Therapy Group | Definition, Advantages, and Disadvantages 

Veterans Support Group

Veterans support groups cater to the specific needs of military veterans who may be dealing with various challenges related to their service. 

These groups provide a safe and understanding environment for veterans to share their experiences, discuss common issues, and support one another. The focus is on addressing the unique struggles faced by veterans, such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), transitioning to civilian life, and reintegration challenges.

Veterans’ support groups offer a sense of camaraderie, validation, and encouragement. They provide an avenue for veterans to find solace, gain perspective, and receive support from those who have shared similar experiences.

Online Group Therapy

With the advancements in technology, online group therapy has become increasingly popular. Online groups offer the convenience of attending therapy sessions from the comfort of one’s home or any location with internet access.

These groups use video conferencing platforms and virtual tools to facilitate group discussions, activities, and support. Some popular group therapy platforms include Talkspace and GoodTherapy.

While online group therapy provides accessibility and convenience, it is important to consider its limitations, such as potential privacy concerns and the need for a stable internet connection.

However, when conducted by trained professionals, online group therapy can be a valuable resource for individuals who may have difficulty accessing in-person therapy or prefer the online format.

Group Therapy for Children and Adolescents

Group therapy for children and adolescents is tailored to meet the unique developmental needs of younger populations. These groups create a supportive environment where young individuals can interact, share experiences, and learn essential skills.

Group therapy for children and adolescents often incorporates play therapy techniques, art therapy, and age-appropriate activities.

Children and adolescents benefit from group therapy by developing social skills, improving self-esteem, and finding peer support. This form of therapy can address various concerns, including anxiety, depression, behavioral issues, and adjustment difficulties.

Group Therapy for Older Adults

Group therapy for older adults addresses the specific needs and challenges faced by individuals in the later stages of life. 

These groups provide a space for sharing experiences, discussing age-related concerns, and exploring topics such as retirement, loss, and transitions. Group therapy can help older adults combat loneliness, maintain mental well-being, and foster a sense of connection.

In group therapy for older adults, participants can find support, build resilience, and discover new ways to navigate the unique experiences associated with aging. This type of therapy can address issues such as grief, caregiving, chronic illness, and life transitions.

Related: When Group Therapy is Not Appropriate


Group therapy offers a diverse range of approaches, each tailored to address specific needs and populations. Whether it is psychoeducational group therapy, supportive group therapy, cognitive-behavioral group therapy, or any other type, the benefits are numerous.

Group therapy provides individuals with a supportive network, a space for personal growth, and access to valuable insights and coping strategies.

It is crucial to choose the right type of group therapy based on individual needs and goals. Consulting with a mental health professional can help determine the most suitable approach. 

By exploring the various types of group therapy available, individuals can find the support and guidance necessary for their mental health and overall well-being.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is group therapy as effective as individual therapy?

Both group therapy and individual therapy can be effective, but the choice depends on individual preferences and needs. Group therapy offers unique benefits, such as peer support, shared experiences, and diverse perspectives, while individual therapy provides more focused attention and personalized treatment plans.

How long does group therapy typically last?

The duration of group therapy varies depending on factors such as the type of therapy, the specific program, and individual progress. Group therapy sessions can range from a few weeks to several months. Some groups may have a set timeframe, while others may be ongoing with open enrollment.

Will I be forced to share personal information in group therapy?

Sharing personal information in group therapy is voluntary. Participants have the autonomy to share as much or as little as they feel comfortable with. Group therapy sessions are facilitated by trained professionals who create a safe and non-judgmental environment.

Can I join more than one group therapy at a time?

In some cases, individuals may participate in multiple group therapy sessions simultaneously, especially if they address different needs or concerns. However, it is essential to consider personal capacity, time commitments, and the potential impact of multiple therapy groups on overall well-being.

How can I find a suitable group therapy program?

To find a suitable group therapy program, consider reaching out to mental health professionals, community mental health centers, or counseling organizations. They can provide information, referrals, and guidance in selecting a group therapy program that aligns with your needs and goals.

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