12 Problems Affecting Teaching Profession in Nigeria and Solutions

The teaching profession in Nigeria has a number of difficulties that lower our overall educational standard. This article will examine 12 pertinent concerns that the teaching profession in Nigeria is now facing and offer some viable solutions.

We may try to enhance Nigeria’s educational system by comprehending and tackling these issues.

Challenges of the Teaching Profession in Nigeria and Solutions

1. Inadequate Infrastructure

Inadequate infrastructure presents a serious obstacle for the teaching profession in Nigeria. There are many schools that lack enough classrooms, libraries, science labs, and other necessary amenities. 

The lack of adequate infrastructure makes it difficult for teachers and students to engage in effective teaching and learning.

Solution: The government should give educational infrastructure investments first priority, investing enough cash to develop and renovate classrooms, libraries, labs, and other essential facilities. 

The shortfall in infrastructure can also be filled by private sector participation and cooperation with international organizations.

Related: 15 Problems Affecting Schools in Nigeria and Solutions

2. Insufficient Funding for Education

In Nigeria, the issue of inadequate funding for education is one that is always increasing. Resources, such as instructional materials, textbooks, and technology, are constrained by insufficient budgetary allocations.

Due to a shortage of finance, our education quality suffers and innovative teaching strategies are hampered.

Solution: To ensure that there are enough resources available to meet the demands of schools and educators, the government should enhance the budgetary allocation it makes to the education sector.

Partnerships with the commercial sector and philanthropic groups can also aid in securing additional funds for education.

Related: 12 Problems of Financing Education in Nigeria and Solutions

3. Shortage of Qualified Teachers

The teaching profession in Nigeria is critically impacted by the lack of trained teachers. A lack of subject knowledge and pedagogical abilities among educators is caused by the difficulty many schools have in hiring and retaining qualified teachers.

Solution: To alleviate the teacher shortage, the government should fund teacher training initiatives and provide incentives to recruit and retain highly educated educators.

Scholarships and grants can inspire people to become teachers, and mentoring programs can offer ongoing assistance and chances for professional advancement.

Related: 12 Problems Affecting Teacher Training Programs in Nigeria and Solutions

4. Large Class Sizes

In Nigeria, large class sizes significantly hinder efficient teaching and learning especially in public schools. Overcrowded classrooms make it difficult for teachers to provide each student with individualized attention, which lowers student engagement and hinders the delivery of individualized instruction.

Solution: The government should work to lower the student-to-teacher ratio by hiring more teachers and constructing more classrooms in order to address excessive class sizes. 

Limiting class sizes and encouraging smaller, easier-to-manage groups can also increase student-teacher engagement and academic results.

5. Outdated Curriculum

The Nigerian curriculum frequently falls short of meeting the demands of a society that is changing quickly and lacks relevance.

Students’ ability to think critically, solve problems, and develop practical skills is hampered by outdated educational materials and techniques, and this waters down the efforts of teachers.

Solution: Regular curriculum reviews and changes are required to keep instruction in line with prevailing expectations and trends.

It is possible to guarantee that the curriculum remains dynamic, inclusive, and sensitive to social requirements by involving educators, experts, and stakeholders in the planning process.

6. Lack of Continuous Professional Development

Teachers must engage in ongoing professional development to improve their abilities and stay current with cutting-edge teaching strategies. Unfortunately, there is a severe paucity of quality professional development options for teachers in Nigeria.

Solution: The government should create extensive programs for teachers’ professional development in conjunction with educational institutions and organizations.

These programs must include pedagogical innovations, subject-specific information, and technological advancements-focused workshops, seminars, and training sessions.

Related: 12 Ways To Improve Teacher Training Programs in Nigeria

7. Limited Access to Educational Resources

A major barrier to effective teaching in Nigeria is the lack of access to educational resources. The absence of textbooks, teaching tools, and technology in many schools makes it difficult for teachers to present compelling, interactive classes.

Solution: By making investments in the creation and dissemination of high-quality textbooks and instructional materials, efforts should be made to increase access to educational resources.

It can also improve teaching and learning experiences to include technology in classrooms by providing laptops, tablets, and internet connectivity.

Related: 12 Roles of ICT in Educational Development in Nigeria

8. Socioeconomic Disparities

Opportunities for education are unequal due to student socioeconomic differences. Many students from underprivileged families struggle to get access to high-quality education, which includes having enough resources and conducive learning conditions.

Solution: The government should put in place measures to reduce socioeconomic inequities, such as giving financial aid, grants, and scholarships to students from low-income families.

In order to close the gap and provide equal access to education, special assistance programs might also be helpful, such as school feeding initiatives and community outreach campaigns.

9. Inadequate Teacher Motivation and Job Satisfaction

Teachers’ low levels of motivation and job satisfaction also have a negative effect on the teaching profession in Nigeria. The provision of quality education is hampered by low wages, unpleasant working conditions, and little recognition.

Better pay, better working conditions, and appreciation of teachers’ efforts are necessary for increasing teacher motivation and job satisfaction.

A favorable and encouraging work atmosphere can boost teacher morale, resulting in more commitment and improved educational outcomes.

10. Examination Malpractice

Examination malpractice is a widespread issue that jeopardizes the credibility of Nigeria’s educational system.

Exam malpractice and similar unethical behaviors diminish confidence in the evaluation process and minimize the value of high-quality education.

Students put less effort into learning and teachers also put less effort into making the student understand because everyone knows that during their WAEC examinations for instance they will get external help.

Solution: The government should enforce stringent measures to discourage cheating, such as increased oversight, improved security procedures, and harsh punishments for violators, to combat examination misconduct. 

To properly address this issue, it is crucial to foster an environment where students and teachers value academic honesty and moral behavior.

11. Poor Parental Involvement

The problem of low parental involvement in education has an impact on the teaching profession in Nigeria. 

Regardless of how much teachers do, fostering a conducive learning environment and ensuring holistic development is difficult to achieve when parents are not actively involved in their children’s education.

Solution: Raising parents’ awareness of the value of being actively involved in their kids’ education while also giving them support and resources can help raise parental involvement. 

The creation of regular channels of communication between parents and teachers, such as PTAs and open houses, can help promote cooperation and enhance academic results.

12: Inadequate Monitoring and Evaluation Systems

Effective evaluation of the teaching profession in Nigeria is hampered by the absence of reliable monitoring and evaluation methods. It is difficult to find areas for improvement and apply evidence-based tactics without thorough monitoring and evaluation.

Solution: It is essential to develop thorough monitoring and assessment frameworks that take into account both teacher performance and student results.

Regular evaluations, observations in the classroom, and feedback mechanisms can offer insightful information for the ongoing development of teaching methods.

Related: Continuous Assessment in Schools (Principles and Practice)


For Nigeria’s educational progress, it is essential to address the issues affecting the teaching profession. Nigeria may build a supportive learning environment that supports quality education and equips kids for a bright future by investing in infrastructure, money, teacher training, curriculum revisions, and resolving other issues.

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