12 Factors Affecting Women’s Education in Nigeria and Solutions

Any nation’s growth and development depend heavily on education. Education fosters social equality, encourages economic progress, and gives people more authority.

However, there are a number of obstacles that Nigerian women must overcome that prevent them from getting an education and constrict their options for advancing personally and professionally

In this post, we will examine 12 factors that have an impact on women’s access to education in Nigeria and offer viable remedies.

Related: 15 Problems Affecting Education in Nigeria and Solutions

Factors Affecting Women’s Education in Nigeria and Solutions

Gender Inequality

In Nigeria, gender inequality is an institutional problem that permeates all facets of women’s lives, including education.

Women have less educational options due to discrimination and biases, which affects their enrolment and dropout rates more than those of men.

Child Marriage

In Nigeria, child marriage is commonplace. Many young girls are coerced into marriage, which interrupts their schooling.

In addition to depriving females of their access to an education, this practice also helps to keep people in poverty and give them little possibilities.

Related: 10 Importance of Early Childhood Education in Nigeria

Poverty and Financial Constraints

For women who want to pursue higher education, poverty and financial restraints present substantial obstacles. Generally many families find it difficult to pay for school-related expenses including uniforms, textbooks, and tuition.

But girls usually frequently bear a disproportionate amount of the economic burden, which lowers their chances of getting an education.

Cultural and Traditional Beliefs

Traditional and culturally ingrained ideas may prevent girls from pursuing an education. There is a pervasive belief in some societies that girls’ primary function is in the home rather than in education.

These ideas restrict the educational opportunities available to girls and reinforce gender norms.

This is even different from the gender inequality we talked about earlier. It is more for sticking to the “roles” for females.

Lack of Infrastructure and Resources

Other barriers to women’s education in Nigeria include inadequate infrastructure and a lack of educational resources.

Lack of suitable classrooms, libraries, and laboratories in many schools makes it challenging to give students—especially girls—quality education.

Inadequate School Facilities

Even in institutions with significant infrastructure, amenities tailored to the needs of female students are sometimes lacking. 

Inadequate sanitary facilities, such as period hygiene management and separate restrooms, cause discomfort and shame and increase absence and dropout rates in female students.

Related: 15 Problems Affecting Schools in Nigeria and Solutions

Gender-Based Violence

For girls attending schools, gender-based violence—including sexual harassment and assault—creates a hostile environment.

Girls’ right to an education and personal growth are compromised when they choose not to attend school out of fear of violence and a lack of protection.

Inadequate Role Models

The low enrollment of girls in schools is a result of the lack of female role models in the educational system. Girls’ aspirations and motivation to seek further education and professional occupations can be highly influenced and motivated by having outstanding female professors and mentors.

Inaccessibility to Quality Education

In Nigeria, people generally frequently lack access to high-quality education, especially in rural areas and this includes females.

The acquisition of knowledge and skills required for personal development and economic empowerment is hampered by a lack of access to well-trained teachers, pertinent curricula, and technology-driven learning possibilities.

Limited Government Support and Investment

The difficulties Nigerian women encounter are made worse by the government’s underfunding of women’s education.

Women’s educational advancement is hampered by inadequate funding for schools, a lack of policies encouraging gender equality, and the insufficient implementation of current measures.

Related: 12 Problems of Financing Education in Nigeria and Solutions

Inadequate Policy Implementation

Nigeria has made efforts to increase women’s access to education through policy frameworks, although these policies are frequently poorly implemented.

The efficiency of educational efforts is constrained by inconsistent enforcement and a lack of systems for monitoring and assessment.

Socioeconomic Factors

Women’s access to education is heavily impacted by socioeconomic variables like wealth inequality and regional differences. Girls from underprivileged origins and marginalized areas confront additional obstacles, which restricts their chances to succeed academically.

Solutions to Improve Women’s Education

A multifaceted strategy is needed to address the barriers to education that Nigerian women must overcome. Here are a few potential answers:

  • Promoting gender equality through advocacy and awareness initiatives.
  • Passing legislation that safeguards women against child marriage and early marriage.
  • Giving girls from low-income homes financial aid and scholarships.
  • Raising awareness among communities of the value of education and dispelling gender stereotypes.
  • Making infrastructure improvements to increase accessibility to high-quality education.
  • Creating inclusive, safe learning environments devoid of violence towards women.
  • Promoting the presence of women in positions of leadership and teaching.
  • Increasing access to education in remote areas through initiatives in mobile and digital learning.
  • Increasing governmental educational investment and giving women’s education priority in budgetary allocations.
  • Strengthening the application of policy through efficient monitoring and evaluation systems.
  • The addressing of systemic challenges through cooperation between the government, civic society, and international organizations.
  • Providing programs for skill development and vocational training that empower women.
  • Collaboration between international organizations, the government, and civil society to address structural concerns..
  • Giving females thorough information on sexual and reproductive health.


Education for women is essential for Nigeria’s overall growth. The obstacles to women’s education can be gradually removed by taking the 13 issues covered in this article into consideration and putting the suggested solutions into practice. In order to establish an inclusive and powerful educational ecosystem that allows Nigerian women to reach their full potential, it is critical for stakeholders at all levels to collaborate.

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