12 Factors Affecting Library Development in Nigeria and Solutions

Libraries contribute significantly to the growth of a country by facilitating access to knowledge, fostering literacy, and encouraging a culture of learning. However, the growth and efficacy of libraries have been hampered in Nigeria due to a number of issues.

This article examines 13 factors that have an impact on library growth in Nigeria and offers some viable solutions.

Factors Affecting Library Development in Nigeria and Solutions

Inadequate Funding

Inadequate finance is a significant obstacle to the growth of libraries in Nigeria. As a result, it is mostly difficult for libraries to get the infrastructure, equipment, and books they need.

Their capacity to increase collections, modernize facilities, and offer people high-quality services is hampered by a lack of financial support.

Outdated Infrastructure

In Nigeria, a lot of libraries have antiquated infrastructure. This is a build-up to the first factor we just considered.

The entire user experience is hampered by the lack of contemporary amenities including comfortable reading places, internet connectivity, and multimedia resources. 

Infrastructure needs to be upgraded in order to establish a favorable learning environment.

Related: 15 Problems Affecting Schools in Nigeria and Solutions

Lack of Qualified Staff

Another element influencing the development of libraries is the lack of competent and trained library staff. Effective library management, collection curation, and information access assistance all depend on qualified librarians.

To solve this problem, funding training initiatives and recruiting qualified employees are essential.

Inadequate Collection Development

Building thorough collections in Nigerian libraries is difficult because of our financial and resource constraints. But primarily because of a lack of strategy. Many libraries find it difficult to keep up with the demand for fresh publications in print and online.

Collection development can be improved by forming relationships with publishers, encouraging donations, and using technology for digital collections.

Limited Access to Information Technology

The lack of access to information technology in libraries is a result of the digital divide in Nigeria. Users are unable to access online materials or make use of digital tools because they lack adequate computers, internet connectivity, and digital literacy abilities.

To close this gap, expanding access to technology and offering pertinent training are imperative.

Related: 12 Roles and Importance of ICT in Education

Inadequate Policy Framework

Progress in Nigeria is also hampered by the lack of a strong policy framework for library development. To provide libraries with a strategic direction, create standards, and guarantee equitable access to information, clear policies and guidelines must be set and implemented.

Government organizations and library associations can work together to create a strong policy framework.

Related: Nigeria’s NEEDS Policy Explained (Objectives, Components, and Case Study)

Insufficient Collaboration and Networking

The development of the library sector in Nigeria is hampered by the lack of networking and collaboration between libraries and other stakeholders. Libraries can have a greater influence and foster information exchange through collaborative projects like resource sharing, joint programming, and partnerships with educational institutions and community organizations.

Inadequate Community Engagement

For libraries to succeed, it is essential to involve the entire community or neighborhood where the library is located, since they are the ones the libraries exist for.

However, in Nigeria, many libraries struggle to engage and draw in the local population for their activities and services. 

Developing outreach programs, planning neighborhood gatherings, and working with nearby schools, businesses, and organizations can promote community involvement and boost library usage.

Related: 10 Problems of School Libraries in Nigeria and Solutions

Lack of Awareness

Another major problem affecting library development in Nigeria is that not enough people are aware of the value of libraries and the services they provide.

Yes, many individuals, even those who have some level of formal education, are not fully aware of the opportunities and services that libraries offer.

Raising public awareness and improving public opinion of libraries can be accomplished by implementing awareness campaigns, holding promotional events, and collaborating with media outlets.

Security Challenges

The safety of library materials and patrons is impacted by security issues like theft, vandalism, and insufficient security measures. 

To safeguard the safety of library resources and infrastructure, libraries must spend money on security systems, train employees on security procedures, and form alliances with law enforcement organizations.

Inefficient Management

Ineffective management procedures prevent libraries in Nigeria from operating efficiently. The overall effectiveness and service quality of libraries is harmed by poor planning, a lack of performance reviews, and a lack of accountability.

It is possible to enhance library administration by putting in place strong management systems, educating librarians, and encouraging good governance practices.

Related: 9 Challenges of Classroom Management in Nigeria and Solutions

Cultural Barriers

Lastly, the development of libraries in Nigeria is hampered by cultural barriers like language preferences and the underrepresentation of varied cultural materials.

Libraries ought to make an effort to offer materials in a variety of languages and exhibit Nigeria’s rich cultural diversity. These cultural barriers may be overcome by working together with regional writers, publishers, and cultural institutions.


The development of libraries in Nigeria has a number of obstacles, such as insufficient funding, outmoded infrastructure, a shortage of competent employees, and restricted access to technology. But these difficulties can be addressed with the right approaches.

Nigeria can encourage the expansion and efficiency of its libraries and the creation of an educated and informed society by making investments in finance, infrastructure, staff training, community participation, and policy development.

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