10 Problems of Teaching Social Studies in Nigeria Secondary Schools

Since it encompasses subjects like history, geography, economics, and civics, social studies has been an essential subject in Nigeria’s educational system. Its goal is to give students the knowledge and abilities they need to be engaged, responsible citizens.

However, there are a number of difficulties associated with teaching social studies in Nigeria’s secondary schools. In this article, we examine 10 significant issues that teachers of social studies frequently encounter and some possible solutions.

Challenges in Teaching Social Studies in Nigeria

 1. Insufficient instructional materials

The absence of proper teaching resources is one of the main issues secondary school social studies teachers in Nigeria must deal with.

Many schools struggle to supply textbooks, supplementary readings, maps, charts, and other essential teaching aids. This scarcity hinders the delivery of thorough and interesting lectures, limiting students’ access to important knowledge.

2. Outdated Instruction

The outmoded social studies curriculum in secondary schools in Nigeria is another important issue. The dynamic nature of society and the shifting global landscape are not sufficiently reflected in the current curriculum although social studies is a subject that should cover what’s happening in society.

It frequently lacks relevance, making it challenging for teachers to pique students’ interests and maintain their engagement.

Related: 10 Problems of Child-Friendly Schools in Nigeria and Solutions

 3. Insufficiently trained teachers

In Nigeria, there is a critical need for skilled social studies teachers. Many teachers lack the necessary education and subject-matter knowledge, which results in inadequate instruction. 

The quality of social studies instruction is significantly impacted, and this impairs students’ learning results.

4. Size of Classes

A major obstacle to providing good social studies instruction is overcrowded classrooms. Teachers find it difficult to give each student individualized attention and meet the range of requirements of their students because of a lack of resources and high student-to-teacher ratios.

This circumstance frequently hinders student participation and makes it challenging to establish a favorable learning environment.

 5.  Short Allocated Time

The total curriculum only allows a little amount of time for social studies instruction, which is a considerable barrier for teachers. It is difficult to thoroughly explore the breadth and depth of topics given the time limits.

As a result, teachers must give emphasis to some topics while underplaying or ignoring others that are equally important.

6. Language Barrier

The variety of languages spoken in Nigeria creates a communication challenge when social studies is taught especially in rural areas. Even though English is the official language, many students may not be native English speakers.

Due to the language barrier, it is difficult for students to understand complicated social studies subjects and to communicate effectively.

 7. Absence of Useful Application

Social studies is frequently taught in a theoretical way, disconnected from real-world events and useful applications. Students are unable to comprehend the subject’s relevance and applicability to their daily lives due to this constraint.

The understanding and enthusiasm of students in social studies could be improved by including more hands-on activities and experiential learning opportunities.

8. Education System Focused on Exams

Exam results and test scores are highly valued in Nigeria’s educational system. This emphasis on rote memory and repetition of knowledge can impede pupils’ ability to think critically and solve problems. 

The demands of a curriculum focused on exams are not fitting for social studies, which promotes analysis and thought.

 9. Public Opinions on Social Studies

Due to societal beliefs, social studies is occasionally neglected in Nigeria’s educational system. Social studies are sometimes overlooked since it is believed that STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) disciplines are more important. This mindset might make social studies education less respected and supported.

Related: 15 Problems Affecting Schools in Nigeria and Solutions


Numerous problems that prevent effective education and student participation exist when teaching social studies in secondary schools in Nigeria. The difficulties educators face are exacerbated by a lack of teaching resources, an out-of-date curriculum, unqualified teachers, large class sizes, time constraints, language barriers, a lack of real-world applications, an examination-focused educational system, and societal attitudes toward social studies.

It is critical to make adequate educational resource investments, update the curriculum, offer thorough teacher training programs, decrease class sizes, allot enough time for social studies instruction, support multilingual education, emphasize practical applications, encourage critical thinking skills, and increase awareness of the value of social studies education in order to address these issues.


1.  How can the shortage of teaching resources in Nigeria be addressed?

Efforts should be made to provide schools with adequate textbooks, reference materials, and other necessary resources through government initiatives and partnerships with organizations.

2.  What steps can be taken to make the social studies curriculum more relevant?

Regular curriculum reviews and consultations with educators, experts, and stakeholders can help ensure that the curriculum reflects contemporary societal issues and global trends.

3.  How can the quality of social studies teachers be improved?

Professional development programs, specialized training courses, and mentorship opportunities can enhance the skills and knowledge of social studies educators.

4.  Are there any initiatives to promote the practical application of social studies concepts?

Encouraging field trips, community engagement projects, and simulations can provide students with hands-on experiences that demonstrate the practicality of social studies.

5.  How can societal attitudes towards social studies be changed?

Raising awareness about the significance of social studies education and highlighting its role in shaping informed citizens can help shift societal attitudes towards the subject.

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