10 Problems of School Libraries in Nigeria and Solutions

The educational development of students is greatly aided by school libraries, which give them access to a variety of resources, promote a love of reading, and help them advance academically.

However, there are a number of problems in Nigeria that prevent school libraries from operating effectively. The purpose of this article is to identify and discuss 10 typical issues that Nigerian school libraries deal with.

Challenges Affecting School Library in Nigeria

1. Insufficient funding

The lack of proper finance is one of the biggest issues Nigerian school libraries deal with. Many schools only provide their libraries with small funds, which results in scarce materials and constrained growth.

Insufficient funding prevents the library from acquiring new materials and results in obsolete books and old technology.

Government and school administrations must give school libraries financing priority in order to solve this issue.

2. Insufficient materials

The insufficiency of resources and materials in Nigerian school libraries is a serious problem as well. This is the natural result of the first problem we looked at. A wide collection of books, magazines, and other instructional resources is difficult for many libraries to keep up with.

Students’ access to pertinent and interesting topics is therefore hampered by this lack of resources, which reduces their options for learning and research.

To expand the library’s collection, efforts should be made to buy additional books, digital resources, and teaching materials.

Related: 10 Problems of Child-Friendly Schools in Nigeria

3  Outdated Infrastructure and Technology

In Nigeria, outmoded technology and infrastructure frequently affect school libraries. Many libraries lack adequate storage, relaxing seating options, and welcoming reading spaces.

Additionally, students’ access to online materials is hampered by obsolete or malfunctioning computers and poor internet connectivity.

To establish a lively and welcoming learning environment within the library, it is critical to invest in contemporary infrastructure and update technology.

4. Insufficient Staffing

Insufficient staffing is a common issue in school libraries all over Nigeria. Many libraries rely on untrained staff or have a small number of competent librarians to run the library.

Services provided by libraries, such as cataloging, reference aid, and general management, are impacted by a lack of staff. To maximize the efficiency of school libraries, it is crucial to hire qualified and devoted librarians.

 5. Ineffective Library Management Systems

For efficient library operations, effective library management systems are essential. However, there are a lot of school libraries in Nigeria that don’t have reliable methods for indexing, classifying, and lending out books.

As a result, collections become unorganized, resources are hard to find, and borrowing procedures become ineffective.

Strong library management systems can be put in place to streamline operations and improve the library’s overall effectiveness.

6. Limited Access to Information

The lack of information access is a serious problem for school libraries in Nigeria. Students’ access to current knowledge is constrained in some libraries due to a lack of digital resources and online databases.

Their ability to conduct study is hampered, and they are unable to consider many viewpoints. Partnering with educational institutions and organizations can improve information access and encourage knowledge sharing.

7. Neglect of School Library Policies

The lack of clear library policies affects a lot of school libraries in Nigeria. Issues include lost or damaged library materials, inappropriate resource use, and a lack of discipline on library grounds resulting from a lack of policies or their incorrect execution.

To maintain a supportive atmosphere for learning, it is essential to develop and enforce clear library regulations, including guidelines for resource usage and conduct.

8. A lack of networking and cooperation

When it comes to partnerships with other libraries or educational institutions, school libraries in Nigeria frequently work alone. This restricts librarians’ ability to exchange resources, share best practices, and pursue professional development opportunities. 

Fostering cooperation and networking among school libraries can create a friendly environment that makes it possible to exchange knowledge, expertise, and resources in order to advance both parties’ growth and development.

 9. Limited Community Participation

The entire school community should feel involved in school libraries, which should be lively places. However, a recurrent issue in Nigeria is the low level of community engagement.

Libraries frequently struggle to engage parents, teachers, and children in their programs, events, and reading campaigns.

Fostering a reading culture and promoting community involvement in the library can be accomplished through planning interesting activities, book clubs, and awareness campaigns.

10. Inadequate Support from Government

Last but not least, the government in Nigeria does not adequately support school libraries. The creation and expansion of school libraries are hampered by a lack of money, policies, and guidelines.

The government must acknowledge the value of school libraries in the educational process and commit adequate funding and assistance to ensure their success.

Related: 15 Problems Affecting Schools in Nigeria and Solutions


Nigerian school libraries face a variety of challenges that need coordinated action from many parties. The efficient operation of school libraries depends on enough funding, the availability of resources, current facilities, and qualified staff.

Collaboration, community involvement, and government assistance are also essential for fostering a thriving reading culture in schools. School libraries in Nigeria can support educational growth and knowledge dissemination by solving these issues.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. Are school libraries in Nigeria well-funded?

No, many school libraries in Nigeria lack adequate funding, which affects their resources and development.

2. What are the consequences of insufficient resources in school libraries?

Insufficient resources limit students’ access to relevant and engaging content, hindering their learning opportunities.

3. How can community engagement be improved in school libraries?

Organizing engaging activities, book clubs, and awareness campaigns can encourage community involvement in the library.

4. What role does the government play in supporting school libraries?

The government should allocate sufficient resources, policies, and guidelines to support the development of school libraries.

5. How can collaboration among school libraries be beneficial?

Collaboration allows the sharing of best practices, resources, and professional development opportunities for librarians, leading to mutual growth and improvement.

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