10 Problems of Early Childhood Education in Nigeria and Solutions

Children’s cognitive, social, and emotional development is greatly influenced by early childhood education. Early childhood education is not delivered effectively in Nigeria due to a number of issues. This article discusses 10 problems of early childhood education in Nigeria and offers workable solutions to them.

Challenges Affecting Early Childhood Education in Nigeria and Solutions

1. Limited access to early education

In Nigeria, access to high-quality early childhood education is still a problem, especially in underdeveloped and rural areas. Many kids may not get the chance to go to preschool or early learning facilities.

The government should concentrate on increasing access to early childhood education by building additional preschools and learning centers, especially in underprivileged areas. 

Reaching children who lack access to school can also be facilitated by collaborations with NGOs and community-based organizations.

2. Lack of Trained and Qualified Teachers

In Nigeria, a major issue in early childhood education is the lack of educated and certified teachers. The knowledge and abilities needed by many instructors to successfully support children’s learning and development are lacking.

The government should fund training programs for early childhood educators to advance their expertise in curriculum design, teaching strategies, and child development. Opportunities for professional development for teachers may be provided by collaboration with educational institutions and organizations.

3. Lack of Learning Resources and Materials

Effective early childhood education in Nigeria is hampered by a lack of learning tools and resources. Age-appropriate books, learning toys, and other instructional supplies are frequently lacking in classrooms.

Government funding should be set aside to ensure that early childhood education facilities have sufficient learning resources and materials.

Age-appropriate books, toys, and educational materials can be provided with the aid of collaborations with publishers, NGOs, and business organizations.

4. Inadequate Facilities and Infrastructure

An important issue is the inadequate infrastructure and facilities in early childhood education facilities. Numerous centers run in cramped, outdated facilities.

The government ought to make investments in enhancing the facilities and infrastructure of early childhood education facilities. This involves supplying appropriate furniture, playgrounds, restrooms, and safe classrooms for kids.

5. Limited parental involvement and awareness

For young children to develop holistically, parental involvement and knowledge in early childhood education are essential. However, a lot of parents in Nigeria are unaware of the value of early childhood education and their responsibility to help their children in their academic endeavors.

Schools should regularly host parent orientation programs and seminars for the purpose of educating parents about the advantages of early childhood education. To build strong relationships between parents and educators, parent-teacher associations (PTAs) need to be restrengthened.

6. Unequal Access to Good Education

In Nigeria, especially when comparing urban and rural communities, the number of those who have access to high-quality early childhood education greatly varies from those who don’t.

Children in rural locations frequently don’t have access to high-quality learning spaces that are well-equipped.

The government should put policies and initiatives into place to address the disparities in access to high-quality early childhood education. This includes opening early childhood education facilities in rural locations, offering transportation, and making sure that resources are distributed fairly.

Related: 15 Problems Affecting Schools in Nigeria and Solutions

7. Multilingualism and language barriers

Early childhood education in Nigeria faces difficulties due to our unique linguistic environment. Many children speak distinct mother tongues and their capacity for learning and communication may be hampered by the language barrier.

So in areas where this is prevalent, programs for early childhood education should use a bilingual strategy that includes the children’s native tongues while introducing the English language subtly.

To make this more effective, training in language development and efficient methods for assisting multilingual students should be provided to teachers.

8. A lack of a thorough curriculum

The lack of a thorough and developmentally appropriate curriculum is a major problem in early childhood education in Nigeria. Many children’s education centers only emphasize rote memorization and lack structured learning activities.

A comprehensive early childhood curriculum that addresses the cognitive, social, emotional, and physical development of children should be created and implemented by the government. The curriculum needs to be interactive, play-based, and designed with young children’s needs and interests in mind.

9. Poor Monitoring and Evaluating Systems

It is difficult to evaluate the quality of education and find areas for improvement since early childhood education lacks efficient monitoring and evaluation methods.

The government should set up effective monitoring and assessment systems for the purpose of guaranteeing the caliber of early childhood education. Regular assessments, in-class observations, and feedback mechanisms are all part of this.

Administrators and supervisors should receive training to properly oversee and assess early childhood education establishments.

Related: 10 Problems Affecting School Supervision in Nigeria and Solutions

10. Limited Public Investment and Support

The government’s poor funding and assistance has hampered the expansion and improvement of early childhood education in Nigeria. The education sector in general needs consistent financial support and political commitment.

Early childhood education should be given higher priority by the government. This demands they increase funds and devote a sizable amount of the education budget to it. policy frameworks should be created and put into place to support the expansion and sustainability of early childhood education.


Nigeria’s early childhood education problems must be resolved for the general development and future success of our children. Nigeria can provide high-quality early childhood education that creates a solid basis for children’s lifelong learning by concentrating on enhancing access, teacher quality, learning resources, infrastructure, parental involvement, and policy support.


1. How can parents support early childhood education at home?

Parents can support early childhood education by engaging in activities that promote learning, such as reading to their children, providing educational toys and games, and creating a supportive learning environment at home.

2. What steps can the government take to improve access to early childhood education in rural areas?

The government can establish early childhood education centers in rural areas, provide transportation services, and ensure equitable distribution of resources to improve access to early childhood education.

3. How can early childhood education centers address the language barrier and support multilingual learners?

Early childhood education centers should adopt a multilingual approach that incorporates children’s mother tongues while gradually introducing the official language. Teachers should receive training in language development and strategies for supporting multilingual learners.

4. What role do learning resources and materials play in early childhood education?

Learning resources and materials provide hands-on experiences and support children’s cognitive and social development. They stimulate curiosity, creativity, and critical thinking skills.

5. How can the government ensure the quality of early childhood education centers?

The government can establish robust monitoring and evaluation systems, conduct regular assessments, provide training to administrators and supervisors, and implement quality standards for early childhood education centers.

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