10 Problems of Child-Friendly Schools in Nigeria and Solutions

The growth and well-being of children in Nigeria are greatly aided by child-friendly schools. However, despite continual initiatives to enhance the educational system, several obstacles prevent the development of really child-friendly learning environments.

This article examines some significant issues affecting kid-friendly schools in Nigeria as well as solutions and emphasizes the urgent need for action.

Challenges Affecting Child-Friendly Schools in Nigeria

 1. Insufficient Infrastructure

The absence of proper infrastructure is one of the biggest problems Nigerian child-friendly schools face. Many schools struggle with inadequate classroom space, crumbling structures, poor sanitary conditions, and restricted access to clean drinking water.

The lack of appropriate infrastructure hinders learning and jeopardizes pupils’ general well-being.

While providing infrastructure is a basic responsibility of the government, non-governmental alliances can be made in communities and among administrators to help the situation.

 2. Insufficient trained teachers

The insufficiency of skilled teaching staff is another urgent concern affecting child-friendly schools in Nigeria. This high student-to-teacher ratio has a detrimental impact on educational quality because teachers find it difficult to give each student their undivided attention and support. 

The absence of qualified teachers impedes students’ progress and results in a poor learning environment. 

Colleges and facilities of education should be reformed to drill student teachers more with practical and top-class training rather than the emphasis on certificates.

3. Insufficient Learning Resources

Child-friendly schools frequently struggle with a lack of instructional materials like textbooks, office supplies, lab supplies, and technological tools.

The teaching and learning process is hampered by this scarcity, which also restricts the range of experiential and practical learning. A holistic educational experience requires access to current and comprehensive learning resources.

A cheaper and more efficient way of making these resources available is by institutionalizing ICT into the school systems, not just for computer-based tests but also for teaching and learning. We will look more into ICT further in this article.

4. Limited Access to Quality Education

Inequality in access to high-quality education is a serious problem in Nigeria. Many kids encounter difficulties getting into high-quality schools, especially those from disadvantaged neighborhoods. 

The absence of educational possibilities worsens social and economic disparities, keeping these kids in a cycle of poverty with few opportunities.

The government must become more intentional about schools in rural areas and ensure that they provide the same quality of education obtainable in urban areas. This can only be done through effective school supervision and inspection.

 5. Security and Safety Issues

The protection and safety of pupils should be a top priority in child-friendly schools. But many schools in Nigeria face security issues, such as physical abuse, bullying, and other forms of abuse.

The mental health and academic performance of children are therefore impacted by the lack of a safe and secure environment.

Beyond the security structures available in the state, school administrators must up their game and frown against any form of threat to security through close monitoring of the school environment and creating easy channels of communication between students and administrators.

6. Lack of Special Needs Support

Child-friendly schools are designed to meet the varied requirements of all children, including those with special educational needs. However, one of Nigeria’s biggest problems is the lack of proper help for students who have disabilities or learning issues.

To guarantee that every child has an equal opportunity for learning and growth, inclusive education approaches and suitable resources are crucial.

7. Neglecting emotional health

Although Nigeria tries to create child-friendly schools, children’s emotional health is frequently neglected. Stress, anxiety, and other mental health problems can make it difficult for kids to learn and grow.

Schools must give priority to offering counseling services, encouraging good mental health habits, and fostering a supportive environment, and students’ emotional well-being.

Related: 10 Ways To Promote Mental Health in Nigerian Schools

 8. Insufficient Parental Participation

Child-friendly schools cannot succeed without parental support. However, there are several obstacles in Nigeria for parents who want to be involved in their children’s education.

Ignorance, socioeconomic factors, and cultural norms all play a part in parents’ insufficient involvement. Building closer relationships between parents and schools is essential for developing a caring and encouraging learning environment. 

This can be achieved by doubling down on the PTAs of schools and creating systems that are specific to each school environment in order to reach the parents of that school.

9. Insufficient professional development for teachers

In Nigeria, many child-friendly schools suffer due to a lack of thorough teacher training programs and ongoing professional development opportunities.

This problem lowers the standard of instruction and restricts teachers’ capacity to successfully engage pupils and use cutting-edge teaching strategies.

It is crucial to provide teacher training and give professional development a top priority in order to address this issue.

Government agencies and educational institutions ought to fund extensive training initiatives that span pedagogical methods, subject-matter expertise, classroom management, and continuous assessment approaches

To keep instructors up to date with the most recent findings in educational research and best practices, workshops and seminars for continuous professional development should be organized.

Collaborations with educational specialists, veteran educators, and teacher training programs can further improve the standard of training programs.

10. Limited use of technology in classrooms 

The limited use of technology in Nigeria’s child-friendly schools’ teaching and learning processes presents another difficulty. The lack of computers, internet connectivity, and digital learning resources in many schools can prevent students from having access to 21st-century skills and cutting-edge teaching methods.

It is essential to increase the use of technology in education in order to solve this issue. The government ought to set aside money to equip schools with computers, internet access, and pertinent software.

To acquaint instructors with technological tools and their successful incorporation into the curriculum, training sessions should be held. Partnerships with companies that specialize in educational technology can also give schools access to interactive content, online platforms, and digital learning resources.


Solving the problems of child-friendly schools in Nigeria is essential for the growth and welfare of kids.

Nigeria can create a more conducive learning environment for its future generations by concentrating on infrastructure improvement, teacher recruitment, supply of learning resources, access to quality education, safety measures, inclusivity, emotional support, and parental participation.

To address these problems, the government, educational institutions, communities, and stakeholders must work together to make sure that every kid in Nigeria has access to a welcoming, inclusive, and excellent learning environment.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. How can the government solve the issue of poor educational facilities for students?

The government can prioritize establishing new schools and renovating existing ones while also allocating additional money for education. NGOs and international organizations might be partnered with to alleviate the infrastructural gap.

2. What actions may schools use to increase parental participation?

To promote parental involvement, schools can schedule frequent parent-teacher conferences, workshops, and training sessions. For regular updates and engagement, they can also set up communication channels like specific parent online groups.

3. How can child-friendly schools guarantee students’ mental health?

It emphasizes a curriculum that includes lessons on mental health and makes counseling services available in schools. It also creates a welcoming and accepting environment where children feel comfortable expressing their emotions.

4. What methods can be used to close the educational opportunity gap?

Scholarship programs, school lunch programs, and mobile schools are a few programs that can assist in reaching students in rural areas and underserved groups. Additionally, decreasing educational gaps should be the main goal of targeted policies and expenditures.

5. What specific accommodations may children-friendly schools make for students with disabilities?

To provide accessibility for students with special needs, schools should employ inclusive education practices, offer special education teachers, and make the required alterations to the physical environment. Collaboration with pertinent groups and professionals can improve support for these students.

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