10 Importance of Agriculture in Nigeria

Agriculture plays a very important role in Nigeria’s economy and development. Being the largest industry in the nation, it makes a substantial contribution to employment, food security, eradicating poverty, earning foreign exchange, and overall economic growth.

The importance of agriculture in Nigeria is examined in this article along with its numerous advantages to both the nation and its citizens.

Importance of Agriculture in Nigeria

Improve Food Security

Agriculture’s contribution to improving food security is one of its most significant functions in Nigeria. Making sure there is a sufficient supply of food is essential given our continuously expanding population.

Agriculture, which comprises crop cultivation, livestock rearing, and fishing, serves as the basis for food production as it ensures that the population of the nation has access to wholesome and reasonably priced food.

Increasing Employment Possibilities

In Nigeria, agriculture is a big employer, creating jobs for millions of people, especially in rural areas. The agricultural sector generates employment along the whole value chain, from small-scale farmers to agro-processing businesses.

This lowers unemployment rates, lessens poverty, promotes economic growth, and enhances the quality of life.

Diversification of the economy

Nigeria’s economy today is much more diversified as a result of agriculture but it can still get better. Our economy will become more resilient and stable by lowering our reliance on oil money.

Diversification makes every economy more inclusive and sustainable while lowering the country’s sensitivity to external fluctuations

Agriculture provides various means of generating revenue, encourages entrepreneurship, and fosters the growth of agribusinesses.

Development of Rural Areas

Nigeria’s rural areas benefit greatly or should benefit from the agriculture sector’s growth. It offers chances for infrastructural growth, access to necessities, higher living standards, and a decrease in rural-urban migration.

Rural communities can prosper and gain from greater economic activity and social development by investing in rural infrastructure and agricultural methods.

Earnings in Foreign Currency

Since we benefit from fertile soil and a temperate climate that is ideal for the production of different crops and the raising of cattle (which other countries do not have), selling agricultural products makes us significant foreign exchange.

The nation’s foreign exchange reserves are greatly boosted (although not as much as they used to be) by the export of agricultural products such as cocoa, palm oil, rubber, cashew nuts, and sesame seeds, which promotes economic stability and expansion.

GDP contribution

Nigeria’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) continues to be significantly influenced by the agricultural sector. GDP is the measure of how strong a nation’s economy is.

Agriculture boost’s our GDP by contributing significantly to the nation’s economic production and offers a strong base for long-term economic growth.

We can further increase its GDP and overall economic performance by investing in agricultural production, value addition, and agro-processing.

Supply of Raw Materials

For many sectors, the agriculture sector is a crucial supplier of raw resources. Agricultural products serve as inputs for industries like food processing, textile production, pharmaceuticals, and cosmetics.

A strong agricultural sector guarantees a steady and adequate supply of raw materials, supporting industrial development, lowering reliance on imports, and boosting economic independence.

Revenue Source for the Government

Agriculture helps the Nigerian government make more money through taxes, levies, and export earnings. The government makes even more money as the economy grows and becomes more productive.

This in turn can then be used to fund social programs, public services, and infrastructure improvements. Plus, the government is better able to support general national development and deliver important services to its residents.

Sustainability in the Environment

The Nigerian agricultural sector is rapidly implementing sustainable techniques to safeguard the environment. 

Organic farming, agroforestry, and water conservation are examples of sustainable farming methods that support soil health, biodiversity preservation, and resource efficiency.

Agriculture contributes to the long-term well-being of the ecosystem and future generations by putting an emphasis on environmental sustainability.

Youth and Women Empowerment

In Nigeria, agriculture offers enormous prospects for the empowerment of women and youth. women can greatly help in agricultural production, processing, and marketing even if they can’t do the physically exerting parts. 

While many activists may frown at the idea of empowering women through agriculture, we must understand that agriculture is no longer a menial job in the 21st century. Also, not every woman is wired for corporate roles, just as it is with some men

The productivity, income, and general economic empowerment of women can be increased by granting them access to resources, training, and support.

Similar to this, getting young people involved in agriculture through entrepreneurial and skill-building initiatives leads to job opportunities, lowers unemployment, and promotes socioeconomic advancement.

Cultural Preservation in Society

Nigeria’s agricultural practices are closely entwined with its traditional beliefs and cultural customs. It promotes communal cohesion, cultural identity preservation, and the preservation of indigenous knowledge.

We can preserve our rich cultural legacy while maximizing the economic potential of the agriculture industry by promoting and encouraging traditional farming techniques.


It is impossible to exaggerate the value of agriculture in Nigeria. Agriculture enables economic diversification, fosters rural development, creates foreign exchange revenues, and helps GDP growth in addition to providing a solid foundation for food security. 

Agriculture also significantly contributes to socio-cultural preservation, technological advancement, research, and innovation, as well as environmental sustainability and resilience to climate change.

The agricultural sector must be acknowledged and supported for Nigeria’s overall prosperity and the welfare of its citizens.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. Is agriculture the largest sector in Nigeria’s economy?

Yes, agriculture is the largest sector in Nigeria’s economy, contributing significantly to employment and GDP.

2. What are the major crops cultivated in Nigeria?

Nigeria cultivates a wide range of crops, including cassava, maize, rice, yam, sorghum, millet, cocoa, palm oil, rubber, cashew nuts, and sesame seeds.

3. How does agriculture contribute to poverty reduction in Nigeria?

Agriculture provides income-generating opportunities, particularly for rural communities, which help alleviate poverty, improve living standards, and reduce inequality.

4. Are there government initiatives to support agriculture in Nigeria?

Yes, the Nigerian government has implemented various agricultural initiatives, such as the Anchor Borrowers’ Program and the Presidential Fertilizer Initiative, to support farmers, enhance productivity, and ensure food security.

5. How can technology benefit Nigerian agriculture?

Technology adoption in agriculture can enhance productivity, increase efficiency, improve resource management, attract youth to the sector, and drive overall agricultural growth and development.

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